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Teaching Today’s and Tomorrow’s Surface Navy to Fight and Win

Kimberly M. Lansdale
Center for Surface Combat Systems Public Affairs

The Center for Surface Combat Systems (CSCS) headquarters’ staff oversees 14 learning sites and detachments located throughout the continental United States, Hawaii, Spain, and Japan. CSCS trains over 38,000 U.S. Navy and international Sailors each year. As a global organization, technology plays a key role in how we train surface warriors to fight and to win.

In an ever-advancing technological society, CSCS implements a variety of training enablers to achieve the ultimate goal of Sailor 2025’s Ready, Relevant Learning (RRL) pillar — provide Sailors the right training at the right time in the most effective manner throughout their careers. The Navy introduced Surface Training Advanced Virtual Environment (STAVE) in 2015 to provide better quality training resulting in more rapid qualifications of Navy officers and Sailors. Instructional systems and simulated physical environments provide watchstanders and maintainers the ability to gain proficiency through repeatable exercises, drills, and evolutions ashore.

STAVE-CS (Combat Systems) Solutions 

Combined Integrated Air & Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT)

The purpose of CIAT is to provide a warfighting training laboratory that is realistic and relevant in training our Sailors and officers to employ the full range of the combat system capability against advanced threats in complex operating environments. CSCS has two CIATs, one in San Diego, which opened in December 2018, and one in Norfolk, which opened in July 2019.  In addition, there are two Reconfigurable Combat Information Center Trainers, a CIAT minus the ASW capability, at the AEGIS Training and Readiness Center.

CIAT provides our watchstanders a state-of-the-art training lab to detect, control and engage simulated modern threats in challenging environments. With an emphasis on realism, it replicates a warship’s actual combat suite. We can reduce visibility, increase wave heights, degrade weapons systems, overwhelm the radars with clutter returns, and in the end, force every single watchstander in combat to adapt to challenging threats. We have to ensure our Sailors have trained and succeeded in a “worst case” scenario.

What makes CIAT unique is its ability to replay all decisions from a scenario in a full debrief. We synchronize all console and headset communications against the scenario ground truth to show each team the cause and effect of every decision. CIAT’s approach to immersive training has had an immediate impact on watch team cohesion and effectiveness and is unlike anything we have seen before.

Chief Operations Specialist Anna Penrod, left, assigned to the guided-missile destroyer USS Rafael Peralta (DDG 115), and Lt. Aaron Van Driessche, CSCS Det San Diego’s course supervisor for AWT, participate in an air defense scenario at the Combined Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT). CIAT is the Navy’s newest combat systems trainer. Rafael Peralta became the first warship to pilot the advance warfare-training curriculum at CIAT. 

 

Aegis Ashore Team Trainer (AATT)

Managed by CSCS Unit Dam Neck, in Virginia Beach, Virginia, AATT serves as the single site for training and certifying rotational Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) crews to serve at the Aegis Ashore site in Romania and a future site in Poland. It houses a mock-up of the shore-based Aegis Combat Information Center and Communication Center and hosts a complete replica of the tactical warfighting, communication and information technology systems resident at Romania.

The AATT course includes an eight-week training and certification pipeline, a five-week basic phase conducted by CSCSU Dam Neck, a one-week qualification phase conducted by Afloat Training Group (ATG) Norfolk, and a two-week certification phase conducted by Tactical Training Group Atlantic (TACTRAGRULANT). During weeks one and two, CSCS instructs students on basic system capabilities and limitations, theater operational procedures, console operator familiarization, and BMD mission planning. During weeks three through five, the watch team executes a series of increasingly complex tactical team scenarios, flexing the extensive capabilities of the high fidelity trainer while turning the students into a cohesive tactical team. After the five-week basic phase, the crew completes their BMD Qualification (BMDQ) administered by ATG Norfolk. Following a successful BMDQ, TACTRAGRULANT supervises the execution of a BMD Exercise (BMDEX), in coordination with theater ballistic missile defense assets, as a capstone to the AATT course of instruction.

AATT allows us to train, qualify, and certify our Sailors so when they arrive in Romania they are immediately prepared to contribute. This represents the next evolution in combat systems training and sets a clear standard for what we will strive to achieve in future training endeavors.

During a team training exercise at the Aegis Ashore Team Trainer (AATT), AATT students work at the consoles to gain experience working with the system and to certify for operations prior to deployment.

 

High Fidelity Shore-Based Trainers

The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Training Facility (LTF) is the first surface warfare training facility to provide integrated bridge and combat systems tactical scenario training for Sailors serving with an LCS. The LCS drives a new approach to individual, team, and unit-level training to accommodate the minimum manning and rotational crewing concepts. Operational demands do not allow sufficient time for under instruction watchstanding or proficiency training during operational periods, and crews do not have organic training teams or embedded training systems. This new approach drives the need for the shore-centric Train-to-Qualify and Train-to-Certify concepts, which rely heavily on high-fidelity shore-based trainers.

Currently, an LTF in San Diego provides training for both LCS variants. Fleet Anti-Submarine Warfare Training Center (FLEASWTRACEN) operates it. CSCS has a second LTF, located at Naval Station Mayport, which CSCS Detachment Mayport operates. It provides training for the LCS 1 variant.

LCS’s small crew size and lack of embedded systems mandate the use of high-fidelity training systems ashore to achieve crew training and readiness objectives.

Lt. j.g. Journae Webb, assigned to the Freedom-class littoral combat ship USS Little Rock (LCS 9), serves as Officer of the Deck during live-action, interactive virtual-reality training at the Littoral Training Facility, Naval Station Mayport, June 26, 2019. All Sailors and officers assigned to an LCS train in watch stations using virtual-reality technology, and are required to demonstrate proficiency in their respective watch stations, before manning live, shipboard watches. 

 

Looking Ahead

These are just a few of our STAVE-CS initiatives. STAVE-CS is already improving combat readiness by providing better-trained, better-qualified Sailors to the fight. CSCS will continue to implement new technologies that shape the Sailor of today and tomorrow. An example of this is Distributed STAVE-CS, which encompasses instructional systems and simulated physical environments that can be taught from one location and delivered simultaneously through high-bandwidth communications flow to multiple other sites. It will provide tactical watchstanders and maintainers the ability to gain proficiency through repeatable exercises, drills and evolutions ashore.

Surface Training Advanced Virtual Environment – Combat Systems (STAVE-CS) 

The video below highlights how STAVE-CS provides significant advantages by training in a virtual environment using courseware and simulators owned and implemented by the Navy.

Combined Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT)

CIAT was delivered in 2018 as the most capable combat systems trainer developed for the Navy surface force. This video highlights how CIAT trains operators of current AEGIS Baselines in IAMD and the latest AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 ASW deliveries using virtualized tactical code in San Diego and Norfolk. CIAT includes an in-depth, integrated debrief capability for individual and team analysis by recording simulation of scenario ground truth, instructor and watchstander console displays and audio for after-action reporting in support of student and instructor analysis.

For the latest CSCS news, make sure to visit our Facebook page.

 

https://navylive.dodlive.mil/2019/08/21/teaching-todays-and-tomorrows-surface-navy-to-fight-and-win/ poyrazdogany

Teaching Today’s and Tomorrow’s Surface Navy to Fight and Win

Kimberly M. Lansdale Center for Surface Combat Systems Public Affairs The Center for Surface Combat Systems (CSCS) headquarters’ staff oversees 14 learning sites and detachments located throughout the continental United States, Hawaii, Spain, and Japan. CSCS trains over 38,000 U.S. Navy and international Sailors each year. As a global organization, technology plays a key role in how we train surface warriors to fight and to win. In an ever-advancing technological society, CSCS implements a variety of training enablers to achieve the ultimate goal of Sailor 2025’s Ready, Relevant Learning (RRL) pillar — provide Sailors the right training at the right time in the most effective manner throughout their careers. The Navy introduced Surface Training Advanced Virtual Environment (STAVE) in 2013 to provide better quality training resulting in more rapid qualifications of Navy officers and Sailors. Instructional systems and simulated physical environments provide watchstanders and maintainers the ability to gain proficiency through repeatable exercises, drills, and evolutions ashore. STAVE-CS (Combat Systems) Solutions Combined Integrated Air & Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT) The purpose of CIAT is to provide a warfighting training laboratory that is realistic and relevant in training our Sailors and officers to employ the full range of the combat system capability against advanced threats in complex operating environments. CSCS has two CIATs, one in San Diego, which opened in December 2018, and one in Norfolk, which opened in July 2019.  In addition, there are two Reconfigurable Combat Information Center Trainers, a CIAT minus the ASW capability, at the AEGIS Training and Readiness Center. CIAT provides our watchstanders a state-of-the-art training lab to detect, control and engage simulated modern threats in challenging environments. With an emphasis on realism, it replicates a warship’s actual combat suite. We can reduce visibility, increase wave heights, degrade weapons systems, overwhelm the radars with clutter returns, and in the end, force every single watchstander in combat to adapt to challenging threats. We have to ensure our Sailors have trained and succeeded in a “worst case” scenario. What makes CIAT unique is its ability to replay all decisions from a scenario in a full debrief. We synchronize all console and headset communications against the scenario ground truth to show each team the cause and effect of every decision. CIAT’s approach to immersive training has had an immediate impact on watch team cohesion and effectiveness and is unlike anything we have seen before.

Chief Operations Specialist Anna Penrod, left, assigned to the guided-missile destroyer USS Rafael Peralta (DDG 115), and Lt. Aaron Van Driessche, CSCS Det San Diego’s course supervisor for AWT, participate in an air defense scenario at the Combined Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT). CIAT is the Navy’s newest combat systems trainer. Rafael Peralta became the first warship to pilot the advance warfare-training curriculum at CIAT. 

  Aegis Ashore Team Trainer (AATT) Managed by CSCS Unit Dam Neck, in Virginia Beach, Virginia, AATT serves as the single site for training and certifying rotational Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) crews to serve at the Aegis Ashore site in Romania and a future site in Poland. It houses a mock-up of the shore-based Aegis Combat Information Center and Communication Center and hosts a complete replica of the tactical warfighting, communication and information technology systems resident at Romania. The AATT course includes an eight-week training and certification pipeline, a five-week basic phase conducted by CSCSU Dam Neck, a one-week qualification phase conducted by Afloat Training Group (ATG) Norfolk, and a two-week certification phase conducted by Tactical Training Group Atlantic (TACTRAGRULANT). During weeks one and two, CSCS instructs students on basic system capabilities and limitations, theater operational procedures, console operator familiarization, and BMD mission planning. During weeks three through five, the watch team executes a series of increasingly complex tactical team scenarios, flexing the extensive capabilities of the high fidelity trainer while turning the students into a cohesive tactical team. After the five-week basic phase, the crew completes their BMD Qualification (BMDQ) administered by ATG Norfolk. Following a successful BMDQ, TACTRAGRULANT supervises the execution of a BMD Exercise (BMDEX), in coordination with theater ballistic missile defense assets, as a capstone to the AATT course of instruction. AATT allows us to train, qualify, and certify our Sailors so when they arrive in Romania they are immediately prepared to contribute. This represents the next evolution in combat systems training and sets a clear standard for what we will strive to achieve in future training endeavors.

During a team training exercise at the Aegis Ashore Team Trainer (AATT), AATT students work at the consoles to gain experience working with the system and to certify for operations prior to deployment.

  High Fidelity Shore-Based Trainers The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Training Facility (LTF) is the first surface warfare training facility to provide integrated bridge and combat systems tactical scenario training for Sailors serving with an LCS. The LCS drives a new approach to individual, team, and unit-level training to accommodate the minimum manning and rotational crewing concepts. Operational demands do not allow sufficient time for under instruction watchstanding or proficiency training during operational periods, and crews do not have organic training teams or embedded training systems. This new approach drives the need for the shore-centric Train-to-Qualify and Train-to-Certify concepts, which rely heavily on high-fidelity shore-based trainers. Currently, an LTF in San Diego provides training for both LCS variants. Fleet Anti-Submarine Warfare Training Center (FLEASWTRACEN) operates it. CSCS has a second LTF, located at Naval Station Mayport, which CSCS Detachment Mayport operates. It provides training for the LCS 1 variant. LCS’s small crew size and lack of embedded systems mandate the use of high-fidelity training systems ashore to achieve crew training and readiness objectives.

Lt. j.g. Journae Webb, assigned to the Freedom-class littoral combat ship USS Little Rock (LCS 9), serves as Officer of the Deck during live-action, interactive virtual-reality training at the Littoral Training Facility, Naval Station Mayport, June 26, 2019. All Sailors and officers assigned to an LCS train in watch stations using virtual-reality technology, and are required to demonstrate proficiency in their respective watch stations, before manning live, shipboard watches. 

  Looking Ahead These are just a few of our STAVE-CS initiatives. STAVE-CS is already improving combat readiness by providing better-trained, better-qualified Sailors to the fight. CSCS will continue to implement new technologies that shape the Sailor of today and tomorrow. An example of this is Distributed STAVE-CS, which encompasses instructional systems and simulated physical environments that can be taught from one location and delivered simultaneously through high-bandwidth communications flow to multiple other sites. It will provide tactical watchstanders and maintainers the ability to gain proficiency through repeatable exercises, drills and evolutions ashore. Surface Training Advanced Virtual Environment – Combat Systems (STAVE-CS)  The video below highlights how STAVE-CS provides significant advantages by training in a virtual environment using courseware and simulators owned and implemented by the Navy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Uf3WtQ-phY&feature=youtu.be Combined Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) and Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Trainer (CIAT) CIAT was delivered in 2018 as the most capable combat systems trainer developed for the Navy surface force. This video highlights how CIAT trains operators of current AEGIS Baselines in IAMD and the latest AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 ASW deliveries using virtualized tactical code in San Diego and Norfolk. CIAT includes an in-depth, integrated debrief capability for individual and team analysis by recording simulation of scenario ground truth, instructor and watchstander console displays and audio for after-action reporting in support of student and instructor analysis. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YPJKsFhBp30&feature=youtu.be For the latest CSCS news, make sure to visit our Facebook page.  

https://navylive.dodlive.mil/2019/08/21/teaching-todays-and-tomorrows-surface-navy-to-fight-and-win/ poyrazdogany

STAVE: Next Generation Training From Classroom to Deckplate

From Director, Surface Warfare (N96)

“Being ready for naval operations consists not so much in the building of ships and guns as it does in the possession of trained Sailors.” – Alfred Thayer Mahan

In the Navy, training our Sailors is critical because lives are on the line. Today, thanks to the Navy’s investment in modern tools and new ways of teaching, Navy training is the best it’s ever been. The Surface community calls this investment, STAVE.

The ‘Surface Training Advanced Virtual Environment’ brings state-of-the-art virtual tools from the classroom to the deckplate for destroyers, cruisers and amphibious ships.

STAVE initial capabilities have been delivered to Norfolk, Great Lakes and San Diego across 31 courses with plans to expand STAVE to hundreds more courses in all fleet concentration areas over the next several years.

3 One example of the Navy’s STAVE investment is in engineering training, and it’s already producing results.

PO1 Brian L. Muldrew: It’s more cost efficient, less mishaps, fewer parts being broken, less manpower actually because no rework is being done because it’s being done right the first time.

CPO Jennifer A. Ohiomoba: One part can make a difference in whether an engine turns or burns. If you train people the right way the first time, you prevent casualties from happening down the road and you save that million-dollar engine. It’s that simple.

PO1 Jorge W. Saltosintriago: Being well-trained, it gives me that confidence. Once I get it, I got that confidence. That’s that confidence I’m going to take on board my ship.

CPO Ohiomoba: When a student comes in here and they have confidence. Then they’re going to be able to learn better. They can do their job the right way. They can teach people. They can mentor people and I’m increasing combat readiness.

1The strength of STAVE is that is doesn’t rely on just one method of teaching. Instead, it blends traditional classroom learning with highly detailed 3D virtual tools and instructor-led labs where students can really get their hands dirty.

PO1 Muldrew: One student learns by listening, the other learns by touching, the other one can read a book and tell you everything about that piece of equipment. Because of this technology that we’re using now, I can reach everyone in the classroom.

PO1 Saltosintriago: I can read the book over and over and I will not learn that way. What we do here is more hands-on.

PO2 Janell N. Evans: It’s so much easier for me to soak it all in and carry it on to the ship and get the job done.

PO1 Kyle D. Dorrman: The interaction that you have with the instructor teaching and the 3D models all combined down in the lab with actual hands on experience, is just, in my opinion, the best way to get students to absorb the information and then keep that and retain it out in the fleet.

The use of multiple training methods dramatically improves retention rates. STAVE accelerates learning and improves student performance; and the STAVE approach supports both CNO High Velocity Learning and Ready Relevant Learning intent; and it’s generating a lot of excitement for both teachers and students.

PO1 Muldrew: Pretty much anything that you can do on a ship, we can simulate here in this classroom.

PO2 Evans: We’re able to practice, practice, practice, practice, and we all know practice makes perfect.

PO1 Dorrman: Practice makes perfect. Practice makes permanent, too. I can join in the crew and not be that step behind everybody else.

CPO Ohiomoba: You want them to be involved. You want them to want to learn. And when they learn, they teach other people. They’re excited because it was a good experience and they remembered what they learned.

4STAVE results are undeniable – faster learning, improved retention and fewer mistakes. And the future will be even better. Full connectivity will allow technicians to train whenever and wherever they are, and bring their virtual tools right to the job site to improve their procedural compliance.

PO1 Saltosintriago: It’s as real as you can get to a ship without it being a ship.

CPO Ohiomoba: They get hands on experience and they get to feel it and they get to smell it. They’re able to make mistakes. They’re able to break things and then you get to watch them build up slowly and you see the confidence and you see it rise. I know when they go to a ship I know that ship is going to be in good hands.

STAVE is an exciting new way to learn, and in addition to engineering training, it’s being used and improved across multiple mission areas.

The STAVE learning system trains Sailors better, and faster, than anything that’s come before, and it’s preparing the next generation of Sailors for the challenges of the future.

http://navylive.dodlive.mil/2016/11/10/stave-next-generation-training-from-classroom-to-deckplate/ U.S. Navy